Benefit Two

We know our history! And we know a lot of it! That is often why we are so successful with judges, courts, Members of Congress, city officials, police departments, governors, U.N. staff, global organizations and law institutions worldwide.

The history of law links closely to the development of civilization. And that history still affects law today. Even ancient Egyptian law, e.g., dating as far back as 3000 BC, contained a civil code that was broken into twelve books, and is still relevant in part, in many ways, worldwide today. It was based on the concept of Ma’at, characterized by tradition, rhetorical speech, social equality and impartiality.By the 22nd century BC, the ancient Sumerian ruler Ur-Nammu had formulated the first law code, which consisted of casuistic statements (“if … then …”). Around 1760 BC, King Hammurabi further developed Babylonian law, by codifying and inscribing it in stone. Hammurabi placed several copies of his law code throughout the kingdom of Babylon as stelae, for the entire public to see; this became known as the Codex Hammurabi. The most intact copy of these stelae was discovered in the 19th century by British Assyriologists, and has since been fully transliterated and translated into various languages, including English, Italian, German, and French.

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